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Jami` at-Tirmidhi 66

Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri narrated:

"It was said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Shall we use the water of Buda'ah well to perform ablution while it is a well in which menstruation rags, flesh of dogs and the putrid are dumped?" Allah's Messenger said: 'Indeed water is pure, nothing makes it impure.'"

Abu Eisa said: This Hadith is Hasan. Abu Usamah (one of the narrators) has done very well with this Hadith. No one has reported the Hadith of Abu Sa'eed about the well of Buda'ah better than what Abu Usamah reported. And this Hadith has been reported from more than one route from Abu Sa'eed.
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abbas and Aisha.

حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، وَالْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْخَلاَّلُ، وَغَيْرُ، وَاحِدٍ، قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَافِعِ بْنِ خَدِيجٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنَتَوَضَّأُ مِنْ بِئْرِ بُضَاعَةَ وَهِيَ بِئْرٌ يُلْقَى فِيهَا الْحِيَضُ وَلُحُومُ الْكِلاَبِ وَالنَّتْنُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ " إِنَّ الْمَاءَ طَهُورٌ لاَ يُنَجِّسُهُ شَيْءٌ " .

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ . وَقَدْ جَوَّدَ أَبُو أُسَامَةَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَلَمْ يَرْوِ أَحَدٌ حَدِيثَ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ فِي بِئْرِ بُضَاعَةَ أَحْسَنَ مِمَّا رَوَى أَبُو أُسَامَةَ . وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ . وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَعَائِشَةَ .


Hasan (Good) [Darussalam]


Jami` at-Tirmidhi 66
Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book of Purification, Hadith 66



Comments from Darussalam Publications:

  1. According to Imam Ibn Al-Mundhir, the people of knowledge are agreed that whether the quantity of water is little or large, when an amount of impure element falls in it by which the taste of water, color or smell changes, it becomes impure.
  2. According to some A'immah if the water is little it will become impure by an impure element, and if it is equal to two Qullah or more, and none of the three qualities is affected, it remains pure and the Hadith of Qullatain supports this view.