About Surah Saba

Surah Saba is the 34th surah (chapter) of The Glorious Quran. Name of the surah means Sheba. It has 54 ayaat (verses) and was revealed in the holy city of Makkah i.e., before Prophet ﷺ migrated to the city of Medina. This surah can be found in juz / paara 22.

Quick Summary

Surah #
No. of ayaat
Revelation place
makkah Makkah
Revelation order
6 (Ayaah 9, 21, 30, 36, 45, 54)
Hizb break(s)
3 (Ayaah 9, 23, 45)
Juz / Paara
Juz 22 (Ayaat 1-54)
Manzil (⅐ of Quran)
Pages ^
428 - 434(Open)
^ Qur'an printed at King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia.


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


This Meccan sûrah takes its name from the reference to the people of Sheba (verses 15-20) who were punished for meeting Allāh's favours with ingratitude. Both David ( ﷺ ) and Solomon ( ﷺ ) are cited as grateful servants of Allāh. The Meccan pagans are reminded that only faith can bring them closer to Allāh, not their wealth. They are criticized for calling the Prophet ( ﷺ ) 'insane' and are warned of punishment in this life and the next. Both the last part of this sûrah (verses 40-41) and the beginning of the next (verse 1) reaffirm the angels as Allāh's faithful servants.

Details from Tafheem-ul-Qurʾān


The Surah takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred, which implies that it is the Surah in which mention has been made of Saba (i. e. the Sabaeans).

Period of Revelation

The exact period of its revelation is not known from any reliable tradition. However, the style shows that it is either the middle or the early Makkan period. If it is the middle period, it was probably its initial stage when the persecution had not yet become tyrannical and the Islamic movement was being suppressed only by resort to derision and ridicule, rumour mongering, false allegations and casting of evil suggestions in the people's minds.

Theme and Subject Matter

The Surah deals with those objections of the disbelievers, which they were raising against the Holy Prophet's message of Tauhid and the Hereafter, and about his Prophethood itself, mostly in the form of absurd allegations and taunts and mockery. These objections have been answered, sometimes by citing them and sometimes without citing them, and the discourse itself shows which objection is being answered at a particular place. The answers mostly take the form of instruction and admonition and argument, but at some places the disbelievers have been warned also of the evil consequences, of their stubborness. In this connection, the stories of the Sabaeans and the Prophets David and Solomon have been related to impress this lesson: "You have both these historical precedents before you. On the one hand, there were the Prophets David and Solomon, who had been blessed by Allāh with great powers and such grandeur and glory as had been granted to hardly any people before them. In spite of this, they were not proud and arrogant, but remained grateful servants of their Lord. They were never rebellious. On the other hand, there were the people of Saba, who, when blessed by Allāh, became proud, and were consequently so thoroughly destroyed and dispersed as to be remembered only in myths and legends. With these precedents in view, you may see and judge for yourselves as to which kind of the life is better: that which is built on belief in Tauhid and the Hereafter and the attitude of gratefulness to Allāh, or that which is based on disbelief and shirk and denial of the Hereafter and the worship of the world."