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Sahih al-Bukhari 4737

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

When Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina, he found the Jews observing the fast on the day of 'Ashura' (10th of Muharram). The Prophet asked them (about it) and they replied, "This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh." The Prophet ﷺ said (to the Muslims), "We are nearer to Moses than they, so fast on this day."

حَدَّثَنِي يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا رَوْحٌ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بِشْرٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْمَدِينَةَ، وَالْيَهُودُ تَصُومُ عَاشُورَاءَ، فَسَأَلَهُمْ، فَقَالُوا هَذَا الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي ظَهَرَ فِيهِ مُوسَى عَلَى فِرْعَوْنَ، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ " نَحْنُ أَوْلَى بِمُوسَى مِنْهُمْ فَصُومُوهُ ".

Classification

Sahih (Authentic)

References

Sahih al-Bukhari 4737
Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an, Hadith 261