What is Islam?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

If you are someone interested in learning about Islam and you don’t know where to start, in shaa Allāh, you have come to the right article. We will strive to provide you initial tools to start your research and know the truth about Islam.

But, before we start, let us give you few disclaimers,

  • Guidance is ONLY in the Hands of Allāh Glory be to Him and He Guides whom He Wills
  • If you are sincere in searching the truth (whatever it is), Allāh Glory be to Him will not let you go astray
  • Know that Allāh Glory be to Him Loves you to be guided, but it is your responsibility to search for the truth, and if you are guided, it is from His Glory be to Him Favour and Blessings

Allāh Glory be to Him

You may have heard “Allāh” a lot when you come across “Islam”, let me try to give you introduction of who Allāh Glory be to Him is:

  • Allāh Glory be to Him is the Lord of Everything

  • He created you, me, everything that is created, is created by Him

  • He created Adam with His own Hands

  • He sent many many prophets to this world for the guidance of humanity

  • All the prophets that were sent were humans

  • Allāh Glory be to Him introduces Himself in His Book (Qurʾān, that we will talk about below)

    Allāh – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [Qurʾān, Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:255]

  • Allāh Glory be to Him is the one who provides His creation, all the sustainence

  • The Sole Deity, no one beside Him deserves worship


The Qurʾān is sacred book in the religion Islam (we will explain definition of Islam below). It was revealed, more than 1435 years ago, in Arabic language to the last and the final Messenger of Allāh Glory be to Him. The original words of the Qurʾān are preserved as they were revealed. These are The Words of Allāh Glory be to Him and not words of human.

This book contains (but not limited to):

  • Glad-tidings to those who believe in Allāh Glory be to Him and His Messenger ﷺ and submit his wills
  • Warnings and punishments to those who do not believe
  • Arguments by Allāh Glory be to Him to those who disbelieve
  • Challenges of the Qurʾān to the disbelievers (these challenges still stand)
  • Many intellectual and textual signs of existence of Allāh Glory be to Him, Prophethood of Prophet Muḥammad Glory be to Him and more
  • Legislations
  • Stories of the people of past, who believed and who disbelieved and their respective endings
  • Reasons of creation
  • Descriptions of angels, jinns
  • Why people go astray

Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ

He is Muḥammad Son of Abdullah Son of Abdul-Mutlib from tribe of Quraysh. He is the last and the final Messenger of Allāh Glory be to Him and there are many mentions of him in the old scriptures. Please refer to complete article on his prophethood and the evidences.


This is one the most misunderstood word, thanks to media.

Shariah is Islamic legislation containing the laws and constitution revealed by Allāh Glory be to Him, your Lord and my Lord. It contains laws regarding all the matters and it is indeed the most JUST law. If you study the shariah rulings and law, you will understand that there is no way the religion of Islam is a man-made religion and you will understand that Allāh Glory be to Him is the most JUST. You will also understand that only people who will hate this law are those who themselves are corrupt, who want to keep the society corrupt to fulfil their desires.


Religion Islam is the only religion accepted by your Lord and my Lord. Why? because this is the only religion sent by Allāh Glory be to Him. All the prophets, from Prophet Adam ﷺ to Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ, came with one message,

And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allāh and avoid Taghut.” [Qurʾān, Surah An-Nahl, 16:36]

Islam comprises of 5 things:

  1. Testimony, which implies you firmly believe in oneness of Allāh, you accept all the Prophets came with truth and Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ is last and final Messenger. This also implies that you do not associate any partner, son or daughter to Allāh Glory be to Him
  2. 5 Daily Prayers, which are obligatory on all the Muslims, men and women
  3. Fasting The Ramadan, Ramadan is ninth month of Islamic calendar and all the capable* Muslims are obliged to fast from sunrise to sunset throughout this month
  4. Obligatory Charity, All the capable* Muslims are obliged to take 2.5% of their wealth on which one year has passed and give it to poor and needy
  5. Performing Major Pilgrimage, All the capable* Muslims are obliged to perform major pilgrimage to the sacred place, Makkah, following the traditions of Prophet Abraham ﷺ

* There are rulings around what is capability is, these rulings are out of scope of this article

These are basic obligations of Islam and there are other things that every Muslim is obliged to do/refrain, e.g,

  • Basic humanity stuffs (e.g, no stealing, no lying, no cheating, etc)
  • Being modest (men and women)
  • Abiding by the law, e.g, not drinking alcohol, no sex outside the marriage
  • Be extremely nice and good to their parents
  • Continue to perform jihaad (see above)
  • Always have taqwaa — which means avoid sins and continue to do good keeping in mind he does not skip Allāh’s Glory be to Him Perfect Sight
  • Not hating anything of Islam that they don’t understand, e.g, polygamy — in fact hating anything of Islamic legislation puts a person outside the pale of Islam
  • Hating everything that Allāh Glory be to Him is displeased with, e.g, same-sex marriage
  • Not involving in terrorist activities and sticking to the principles of Islam

Articles can be written on each of the topic above, especially in this era, where being modest is seen as backward thing.

Islam also means to affirm faith in six things:

  1. Allāh
  2. His angels
  3. His Books
  4. His Apostles
  5. The Day of Judgement
  6. Divine Decree (good and evil)

Each of these points are big topics of Islam and you can learn them by reading a book Islamic Creed Series by Sheikh Umar Suleiman al-Ashkar


A true Muslim is the one who understands and implements the Islam in it’s true form and not in deviated form. Islam is and will be preserved till the end of time.